National Security & Resilience Conference

Threats

Government departments/agencies, corporations and businesses face ever increasing threats of security against the business and its employees to infiltrate and agitate business continuity.

Some of these threats are listed here, but what are the emerging and latest threat developments, the latest policies and thinking, and how can you as a business or head of unit develop and implement strategies for mitigating these threats and ensuring your duty of care to employees?

Terrorism
Terrorism is a major threat for businesses. Terrorist groups may seek to cause harm to the economy as a whole by attacking business premises or they may seek to attack specific businesses to advance their political agendas. The threat is not confined to the UK; companies that do business overseas may also be targeted.
Businesses can reduce the risk to themselves, their employees and customers by remaining vigilant, being security minded and having good security measures in place. A small investment in security measures helps to protect businesses against crime and make the work of terrorists more difficult.

Cyber threats
Cyberspace lies at the heart of modern society; it impacts our personal lives, our businesses and our essential services. Cyber security embraces both the public and the private sector and spans a broad range of issues related to national security, whether through terrorism, crime or industrial espionage. E-crime, or cyber crime, whether relating to theft, hacking or denial of service to vital systems, has become a fact of life. The risk of industrial cyber espionage, in which one company makes active attacks on another, through cyberspace, to acquire high value information is also very real.

Identity crime
Some organised criminals will make use of many identities to support their criminal activities. They use false identities to travel undetected and to protect their assets from confiscation. They also use them for criminal activity where proof of identity is required, such as in fraud, financial crimes, people smuggling or illegal working. Organised criminals also use other forms of misrepresentation. For example, documents which give false information on company or vehicle identity, consignments, business accounts and transactions.

Organised crime
Businesses are constantly being targeted and exploited by professional criminals. The potential loss from fraud and money-laundering runs into billions of pounds each year.

Espionage
The UK has been and remains a high-priority target for a number of countries looking to obtain information and technologies to help advance their own military, technological, political and economic interests.

Insider
An ‘Insider’ refers to any individual who plans to use their legitimate access to an organisation for unauthorised purposes. This includes the release of commercial / sensitive information, the theft of equipment or even the sabotage of routines and procedures.

Manipulation
Attempts to access an organisation have also been made by using techniques to manipulate unsuspecting staff. Particularly vulnerable are any customer-facing staff who are trained to be helpful and informative, for example those who work in reception or on an internal support helpdesk.

Fraud
The increasing globalisation of fraud continues with much of it driven by enhanced communications infrastructure, in particular the increased availability of high speed internet access and low levels of regulation and law enforcement capabilities in some countries.
The continued outsourcing of business services internationally may increase the opportunities for fraud as UK business interests are increasingly dependent on other countries to deliver key business services, such as IT support and customer call centres.

Intellectual property crime
Globally, counterfeiting and piracy occur on a vast scale. More open borders and increased international trade make it easier for fake goods to flow across continents. Advances in technology have also made it easier to mass produce fake items. The best of them are of such high quality that they’re hard to tell from the real thing.

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